Bulgarian Rose Oil is the essential oil extracted from the petals of one of the rarest flowers in the world, the Bulgarian Rose Damascena; which is only cultivated and harvested in the Rose Valley of Kazanlak (also known as the “Bulgarian Rose Valley”). Because of its amazing properties, multiple applications in skin care, medicine, aromatherapy, and fine perfumery, and extremely limited supply very year, pure genuine Bulgarian Rose Otto is considered one of the most precious essential oils in the world.
One kilogram of rose oil is usually produced from 3 to 3,5 tons of rose blossoms. About 283 components are found in the composition of the Bulgarian rose oil. They are divided into two types of substances: carriers and fixatives of scent. The carriers of scent are the liquid part of the oil – elaeoptene. The fixatives of scent are solid at room temperature and odorless but they fix the scent and make it durable – stearoptene. Out of the numerous components of the elaeoptene the ones with rose scent are citronellol, geraniol, nerol, phenyl ethyl alcohol, but the typical rose odour is formed by the presence of microelements.